Cause: Herpes virus varicella zoster
Spread by: droplet and touch. This means coughing talking, breathing or sneezing over an uninfected person could spread the virus
Immunisation available: Yes
Notifiable disease: Yes
Infection duration: 10 - 21 days
Incubation time: Incubation between 10 - 21 days after exposure and infectious 1-2 days before the rash develops
Long term – Chicken pox can re occur in rare occasions, scarring might happen where the blisters are.
Shingles is caused by a reactivation of the chicken pox virus but is not contagious unless there is contact with the blister fluid. SHingles can happens many years later as te herpes virus remains dormant.
Starting off with slightly elevated temperature (over 38'c) headache and possibly sore throat.
General feeling of lethargy, flu,normally starts with a small red area / blister on the body which then rapidly becomes a blistered rash in the next 2-4 days. Blisters are filled with fluid and easily burst. The person is infectious until all the blisters have disappeared, including the scabs/ crusts which appear. Patients should be kept in isolation until blisters and scabs have disappeared.
Itchy scabs/blisters which appear in clusters
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