Infectious diseases / Communicable diseases

- These are divided into notifiable and non-notifiable diseases:

Notifiable diseases

A notifiable disease is any disease that the law requires to be reported. Reporting is done to government authorities who then monitors the disease and provides warning of possible outbreaks. 

Notification is base on the Health Act No. 61 of 2003

Objectives of the notification system:

National Department of Health uses the information to plan and implement

  1. Intervention strategies

  2. Promote awareness of the disease

The provincial governments can implement the interventions.

In the case of a notifiable disease, it is the responsibility of the first health care professional or facility coming into contact with the person, to notify the authorities. Although you are not a medical profeesional, you will need to identify the symptoms as beng important, referring to the correct place and able to isolate to prevent the spread of disease. It will also be your responsibility to educate the employees on prevention of illness.  

In the case of a medical professional not being available, it is then up to the member of public to notify the illness. 

Eastern Cape

Mr Eirc Maimela

Epidemiology Directorate

Private Bag X28000

Tel: 040 609 3408/3913
Fax: 040 639 1440


Mr Andile Ngcobo
Dept. of Health: Gauteng Province
Private Bag X085
Tel: 011 355 3588
Fax: 011 355 3287

Free State 
Mr. Andries Khajoane
Free State Health Dept, Information Systems
3th floor, Bophelo House, Bloemfontein
Tel: 051 4081412
Fax: 051 408 1567

Ms. Mamokete Mogoswane
Limpopo Health Dept.
Tel: 015 293 6059
Fax: 015 293 6281

Mr. Ziauddin Ahmed
KZN Health Dept.
Information Management Directorate
Tel: 033 395 2756/2572
Fax: 033 394 1404

Northern Cape 
Mr. Gilbert Makgopa
Dept. of Health: Northern Cape Province
Private Bag X5049
Tel: 053 830 0514/0610
Fax: 053 830 0542

Ms Sizakele Msweli
Mpumalanga Dept of Health and Social Services
P Bag X11285
Tel: 013 766 3303
Fax: 013 766 3456

Western Cape 
Mr Eugene Reynolds
Information Management Directorate
23rd Floor, Room 7
4 Dorp street
Cape Town
Tel: 021 483 4661
Fax: 021 483 3277

North West 
Ms Millicent Maomela
North West Health Dept.
Information Management Directorate
Private Bag X2068
Tel: 018 387 5605/ 5802/ 5744
Fax: 018 387 5602

National Health Department
Mr Macala J Khumalo
Directorate: Epidemiology and Surveillance
P/Bag X828, Pretoria 0001
Tel: (012) 312 0474/0767
Fax: 012 312 0815
E-mail: ncayj@health.


Primary prevention

This includes specific protection and focusses not only on the individual person, but also the family and persons and follows through to the community. Early identification is very important in preventing spread of disease, while education of your employees as to the basics of hygiene and good practices can also prevent these diseases occurring. Vaccinations / immunizations are compulsary in SA and have already helped to reduce childhood diseases significantly.


Of awareness of current risks, potential hazards

As a summary, the responsibility of the nurses:

  • Prevention
  • Promotion of awareness
  • Having plan of action in place to deal with disease control
  • Identification of the problem
  • Awareness risks
  • Education of staff members about hygiene and self -care








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