MUMPS  - Pampoentjies


Cause: Mumps virus

Spread by: droplets, infectious 10 – 14 days before swelling shows

Infectious: 5 - 9  days after symptoms appear

Duration: 1-3 weeks after contamination

Immunisation: Yes, dramatic reduction in Mumps cases since vaccination


  • Obvious swelling of the salviary glands on the cheek, in front of your ears. and sometimes other glands as well.
  • Cheeks puff out, sometimes one at a time.
  • Raised temperature above 38'c
  • Some patients have no or very mild symptoms, until 2 or 3 weeks after exposure to the virus
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Difficulty in eating and loss of appetite
  • Pain in the swollen glands
  • General malaise and flu like symptoms


  • Isolation of the person with mumps, symptomatic relief of pain
  • Cold / warm compresses on swollen and warm areas
  • Pain relievers
  • Supportive underwear for men with orchitis
  • Avoid sour foods and juices to avoid stimulating saliva production
  • Rest
  • Drink plenty of fluids eg Bovril tea, soups (vegetable, chicken, beef)
  • Antbiotics will not help unless there is a sexondary bacterial infection. Mumps is viral


  • Avoid other people with mumps
  • Immunisation MMR (Measles Mumps and Rubella)
  • High risk areas: Groups of people together eg Schools, Varsities etc
  • When to get medical help:If you suspect the infection is getting significantly worse
  • If there is any risk of restriction of airway 
  • If you notices a secondary infection eg wet cough
  • If you are unclear whether this is mumps or not. 

Possible complications:

Orchitis - swelling of the testicles (one or both) in males who have reached puberty.

Meningitis - inflammation of the membranes (meninges) around the brain and spinal chord.

Pancreatitis - Inflammation of the pancreas causing nausea nad vomiting and upper abdominal pain

Ears - hearing loss can occur, although rare

Cardiac - Abnormal heartbeats, although also rare

Miscarriage - Mumps in early pregnancy can possible lead to a miscarriage











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