MUMPS  - Pampoentjies

Mumps

Cause: Mumps virus

Spread by: droplets, infectious 10 – 14 days before swelling shows

Infectious: 5 - 9  days after symptoms appear

Duration: 1-3 weeks after contamination

Immunisation: Yes, dramatic reduction in Mumps cases since vaccination

Symptoms:

  • Obvious swelling of the salviary glands on the cheek, in front of your ears. and sometimes other glands as well.
  • Cheeks puff out, sometimes one at a time.
  • Raised temperature above 38'c
  • Some patients have no or very mild symptoms, until 2 or 3 weeks after exposure to the virus
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Difficulty in eating and loss of appetite
  • Pain in the swollen glands
  • General malaise and flu like symptoms

Care:

  • Isolation of the person with mumps, symptomatic relief of pain
  • Cold / warm compresses on swollen and warm areas
  • Pain relievers
  • Supportive underwear for men with orchitis
  • Avoid sour foods and juices to avoid stimulating saliva production
  • Rest
  • Drink plenty of fluids eg Bovril tea, soups (vegetable, chicken, beef)
  • Antbiotics will not help unless there is a sexondary bacterial infection. Mumps is viral

 Prevention:

  • Avoid other people with mumps
  • Immunisation MMR (Measles Mumps and Rubella)
  • High risk areas: Groups of people together eg Schools, Varsities etc
  • When to get medical help:If you suspect the infection is getting significantly worse
  • If there is any risk of restriction of airway 
  • If you notices a secondary infection eg wet cough
  • If you are unclear whether this is mumps or not. 

Possible complications:

Orchitis - swelling of the testicles (one or both) in males who have reached puberty.

Meningitis - inflammation of the membranes (meninges) around the brain and spinal chord.

Pancreatitis - Inflammation of the pancreas causing nausea nad vomiting and upper abdominal pain

Ears - hearing loss can occur, although rare

Cardiac - Abnormal heartbeats, although also rare

Miscarriage - Mumps in early pregnancy can possible lead to a miscarriage

 

 

 

 


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Disclaimer: 

This site in no way substitutes medical advice given by a
medical practitioner and is meant as supporting information only.
The information is not intended for harm, to be seen as diagnosis,
or treatment but is infomrational only. Harm may result in ignoring medical
help and treatment, or in the neglecting of the medical treatment given/suggested
to you by your medical practitioner. The staff of the website intend the information
as informational  and supportive only,
and do not endorse self medication or ignoring medical advice.