Coughing 3 weeks or more
Unintentional eight loss
Tuberculosis is also known as TB and is an infectious disease that mostly affects your lungs. TB is generally found in communities with lower income, bad living conditions or people with compromised immunity.
Cause: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
Spread by: Expelled droplets from a person with active TB sneezing or coughing
Immunisation? Yes, a vaccinefor tuberculosis disease is called Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) and it lasts around 20 years.
Important - The immunization is given intradermally.
Higher risk persons: Persons with Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Children and infants
TB Infection Summary:
TB is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. The bacterium spreads to the lungs and causes active tuberculosis which means it is contagious. But TB can also damage other body parts as well. TB in South Africa is often accompanied by other seious illnesses, and can be cured and preventable. The most important consideration for nursing TB patients, is education on improving their immunity and taking the medication correctly. Stopping medication halfway causes strong resistance to the medication, so the patients need to be encouraged to keep taking the medication and consulting a doctor if the side effects affect their way of life.
If you know someone with these symptoms, consult a medical practitioner or clinic as soon as possible. Diagnosis is made with a sputum sample (spitting into a tube), X rays (which show white spots on the X-rays) and blood might also be drawn.
Medication: The Tuberculosis drugs are critical to take and the course needs to be completed to prevent resistance. Drugs have to be prescribed by a doctor, and there is a lot of drug interaction. This means that medicines form a shop could stop the TB meds from working, or increase their toxicity.
The most common medications used:
This is one of the biggest criteria in preventing and understanding the disease, together with the immunisation against TB
• Take your TB medication as it is prescribed. Don’t stop taking them because you do not feel as sick. They still need to work to get rid of the TB bacterium
• Take your medicine with food.
• Cover your mouth when you sneeze/cough. After, throw the tissue away in a covered container.
• Avoid public areas such as buses, taxi’s and closed areas until you have been told that you rent able to spread TB
• Don’t drink alcohol. Alcohol may interfere with your medicine and has effects.
• Take your medicine at the same time every day.
• Set a reminder alarm.
• Use a pillbox if it is available.
• Keep a calendar for when you take your medicine.
Rare complications: Seldom does the heart tissues get affected. But this does cause heart disorders as it stop the heart from functioning correctly.
Prevention: Boost your immunity
• Take all of your medicines that are prescribed to you
• Cover your mouth a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Seal the tissue in a plastic bag, then throw it away.
• Wash your hands after coughing or sneezing.
• Don’t let other people visit you.
• Stay away from work, school, and other public places.
• Move around fresh air by opening a window.
• Don’t use public transportation.
Nursing care continued:
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This site in no way substitutes medical advice given by a
medical practitioner and is meant as supporting information only.
The information is not intended for harm, to be seen as diagnosis,
or treatment but is infomrational only. Harm may result in ignoring medical
help and treatment, or in the neglecting of the medical treatment given/suggested
to you by your medical practitioner. The staff of the website intend the information
as informational and supportive only,
and do not endorse self medication or ignoring medical advice.