Urinary tract infections


UTI’s / Urinary tract infections:

Cause: 80% of UTI’s are caused by E Coli and can be treated relatively easily with anitbiotics and remain uncomplicated.

The infections occurs when the E Coli bacteria travels to the bladder from the bowel.

Urinary tract is made up by the bladder, connected to 2 kidneys by the two ureters, and a urethra, which connects the bladder to the outside.

Women are more susceptible to UTIs than men, as the ureter is much shorter and it is much easier for the bacteria to travel up to the bladder. At least 1 in 3 women will have had a UTI before the age of 24 with the numbers radically increasing thereafter .

Signs and symptoms:

  • Paint during urination.

  • Pain after urination

  • Pain or cramps in the lower abdomen

  • Frequent need to urinate

  • Urine looks cloudy, dark, bloody or with bad smelling.



Generally urinary tract infections are uncomplicated, although painful. Left untreated however the bacteria can migrate further up the tract towards the kidneys via the urethers.

Treatment includes antispasmodic and anti-cholinergic drugs, to relieve urinary urgency .



  • Ensure you drink plenty of fluids
  • Wipe front to back after going to the toilet
  • Empty your bladder regularly
  • Use cotton underwear and loose fitting clothes, avoid nylon underwear.
  • Keep the area dry around the urethra
  • Empty your bladder after intercourse to prevent bacteria moving up for the urethra.










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